Testicular Cancer

Lumps and self-examination.

5th edition, May 2018.
First published October 2003.
52 pages.

Testicular caner is the young man's cancer.

Although a rare disease, diagnosed in about 700 Australians each year, testicular cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men aged 18-39.

Testicular cancer starts as an abnormal growth or tumour in the testicles. A cancer will usually appear as a painless lump in a testis.

Testicular cancer has a very good cure rate (over 95 per cent) if found and treated early.

If a man sees a doctor as soon as a lump, swelling or pain in a testis is noticed, this cancer can remain localised (remain within the testis). However, if not treated, the cancer typically spreads to other parts of the body via the blood or lymph nodes.

Young men aged between about 20 and 40 years of age are most at risk of developing testicular cancer and should regularly examine themselves for lumps in the testes.

This guide is a comprehensive overview of the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and management of testicular cancer.

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