Prostate Enlargement

A guide to urinary symptoms in men.

5th edition, December 2017.
First published March 2004.
53 pages.

Benign prostate enlargement is the most common prostate disease, in fact it affects nearly all men as they get older.

As men grow older, the prostate grows. At puberty, testosterone levels in boys start to increase and the prostate grows to about eight times its size. It continues to grow, doubling in size between 21 and 50 years, and almost doubles again in size between 50 and 80 years. The reasons for this ongoing growth are not fully understood.

The term for this non-cancerous enlargement or growth of the prostate gland is benign prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy or BPH.

A number of men with BPH may not have many or any symptoms of the disease. The men who do have symptoms of BPH usually find that there are noticeable changes to their urination because BPH affects the part of the prostate that surrounds the top part of the urinary tract.

While BPH is not usually life-threatening, for some men these urinary symptoms have a major impact on their quality of life.

This guide is a comprehensive overview of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of benign prostate enlargement.

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